双语阅读:堵塞苏伊士运河的巨型集装箱船终于成功脱困

堵塞苏伊士运河的巨型集装箱船终于成功脱困了

埃及苏伊士(美联社)-救援队伍在周一解救了困在苏伊士运河近一周的一艘巨大的集装箱货轮,结束了一场危机。这场危机阻塞了世界上最重要的水路之一,导致每天数十亿美元的海上贸易陷于停滞。

自3月23日起,有摩天大楼那么大的“天赐号”货轮的船首就陷在运河的岸边沙地里。在涨潮的帮助下,一队拖船终于把货轮的船首从运河的岸边沙地里撬了出来。

带着滞留数日的“天赐号”货轮在运河中行驶,兴奋不已的拖船队伍不停地鸣笛。这次事故吸引了全世界的目光,很多人都想知道这次事故到底是怎么一回事,社交媒体上面更是充满了各种嘲讽的声音。

这艘货轮的运营商是总部位于台湾的大型航运公司长荣海洋公司(Evergreen Marine Corp.)。在运河南北两端之间有一段宽阔的水域叫作“大苦湖”,长荣说这艘巨轮现正驶向大苦湖,将在那里对这艘巨轮进行全面的检查。

负责解救“天赐号”货轮的Boskalis打捞公司的CEO彼得·贝尔多夫斯基(Peter Berdowski)在一份声明中说:“我们成功了!我很高兴地宣布,我们的专家团队与苏伊士运河管理局紧密合作,成功地让天赐号重新浮了起来,这样苏伊士运河又可以恢复自由通行了。”

由于沙尘暴的袭击,“天赐号”在运河的一段单水道路段上撞向了河岸。货轮出事的地方靠近苏伊士城市,距离苏伊士运河的南部入口有大约7公里(3.7英里)。这次事故造成了巨大的交通拥堵,影响到了每天全球贸易中大概90亿美元的贸易额,这次事故对于已经受到新冠病毒大流行冲击的供应链更是雪上加霜。

至少有367艘货轮被堵在运河里,这些货轮运载的东西五花八门,从原油到牛,应有尽有。有一些货轮选择绕道非洲最南端的好望角,但这条5,000公里(3,100英里)的替代路线在成本上要多花数十万美元的燃料和其它费用。

经来自荷兰的精锐救援团队数天的艰苦努力之后,援救工作取得了巨大的突破。他们通过专用的挖泥船从船头下方把沙子和泥土挖出来,在周一黎明涨潮的帮助下,拖船队伍终于把这个庞然大物拖离了河岸,让巨轮重新浮起来了。

这是一个非常精细的操作。“天赐号”被卡住后,涨潮和落潮会给这艘长400米(四分之一英里)的船体带来压力,这让人担心这艘船可能会破裂或断裂。

在大苦湖对“天赐号”作了检查之后,当局官员将决定这艘从亚洲往欧洲运货的挂巴拿马国旗的日资货船是继续前往最初的目的地鹿特丹港,还是进入另一个港口进行维修。

这场危机使这条重要的贸易路线成为全球关注的焦点。这条贸易路线运货量占全球贸易的10%以上,其中包括世界石油的7%。超过19,000艘货船把来自中国的消费品,数百万桶石油和液化天然气通过这条大动脉穿过中东和亚洲运向欧洲和北美地区。

在开始阅读英文原文之前,请先复习下列核心词汇​:

container - n. 容器,集装箱,货柜
block - v. 堵塞,阻塞
Suez Canal - 苏伊士运河
salvage - v. 打捞,营救(失事船舶等),抢救
flotilla - n. 船队
tugboat - n. 拖轮
jubilation - n. 欢欣鼓舞,欢腾
futility - n. 无益,无用,徒劳
scrutiny - n. 仔细检查
mockery - n. 嘲笑
collaboration - n. 合作,协作
strain - n. 压力,重负
traverse - v. 横过,横越,穿过
detour - n. 绕行的路,迂回路
behemoth - n. 巨头(指公司或机构)
ferry - v. 渡运,摆渡

在复习了以上词汇后,请将下面的英文原文一口气读完,不要在中途停下来去查那些不认识的单词。有了上面的核心单词打底,你完全可以将整篇文章读完并且理解里面的大致意思。记住,你只要做到大致明白就可以了。

阅读能力和阅读量成正比,要提高阅读量,必须是大量的泛读,如果要对每个不懂的单词都去查字典,那么就不可能通过大量的泛读来提高你的阅读量。

这篇英语原文是《涂博士原版听读写辅导课》直播班上用来训练学员快速阅读的文章之一。能够快速阅读各个领域的原版文章并找出文中的核心内容,是真正学好英语的最最基础的技能之一,另一个最最基础的技能就是听得懂原版的广播。有了这两个最最基础的技能打底,学员就可以利用好网上大量的原版英语文章和听力资源,不出国就可以把自己沉浸在英语的环境当中。在建立起强大的语感之后,口语和写作能力都会自然成长起来。

如果你对某篇泛读文章特别喜欢,可以在泛读一遍以后再慢慢地精读。如果在精读的过程中对某些句子不是太明白需要讲解,或者你希望以后多看到哪方面的双语阅读,欢迎直接联系涂博士。

Giant container ship that blocked Suez Canal finally free

ISABEL DEBRE and SAMY MAGDY

SUEZ, Egypt (AP) — Salvage teams on Monday freed a colossal container ship stuck for nearly a week in the Suez Canal, ending a crisis that had clogged one of the world's most vital waterways and halted billions of dollars a day in maritime commerce.

Helped by the high tide, a flotilla of tugboats wrenched the bulbous bow of the skyscraper-sized Ever Given from the canal's sandy bank, where it had been firmly lodged since March 23.

The tugs blared their horns in jubilation as they guided the Ever Given through the water after days of futility that had captivated the world, drawing scrutiny and social media mockery.

The giant vessel headed toward the Great Bitter Lake, a wide stretch of water halfway between the north and south ends of the canal, where it will be inspected, said Evergreen Marine Corp., a major Taiwan-based shipping company that operates the ship.

"We pulled it off!" said Peter Berdowski, CEO of Boskalis, the salvage firm hired to extract the Ever Given, in a statement. "I am excited to announce that our team of experts, working in close collaboration with the Suez Canal Authority, successfully refloated the Ever Given … thereby making free passage through the Suez Canal possible again."

Buffeted by a sandstorm, the Ever Given had crashed into a bank of a single-lane stretch of the canal, about 6 kilometers (3.7 miles) north of the southern entrance, near the city of Suez. That created a massive traffic jam that held up $9 billion a day in global trade and strained supply chains already burdened by the coronavirus pandemic.

At least 367 vessels, carrying everything from crude oil to cattle, are backed up as they wait to traverse the canal. Dozens of others have taken the long, alternate route around the Cape of Good Hope at Africa's southern tip — a 5,000-kilometer (3,100-mile) detour that costs ships hundreds of thousands of dollars in fuel and other costs.

The breakthrough came after days of immense effort with an elite salvage team from the Netherlands. Tugboats pushed and pulled to budge the the behemoth from the shore, their work buoyed by high tide at dawn Monday that resulted in the vessel's partial refloating. Specialized dredgers dug out the stern and vacuumed sand and mud from beneath the bow.

The operation was extremely delicate. While the Ever Given was stuck, the rising and falling tides put stress on the vessel, which is 400 meters (a quarter mile) long, raising concerns it could crack or break.

Once the Ever Given is inspected in Great Bitter Lake, officials will decide whether the Panama-flagged, Japanese-owned ship hauling goods from Asia to Europe would continue to its original destination of Rotterdam, or if it would need to enter another port for repairs.

The crisis cast a spotlight on the vital trade route that carries over 10% of global trade, including 7% of the world's oil. Over 19,000 ships ferrying Chinese-made consumer goods and millions of barrels of oil and liquified natural gas flow through the artery from the Middle East and Asia to Europe and North America.

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